Friends and Strangers

The Making of a Creole Culture in Colonial Pennsylvania


The first history of Pennsylvanias founding for 40 years. n Friends and Strangers, John Smolenski argues that Pennsylvania's early history can best be understood through the lens of creolization--the process by which Old World habIt's, values, and practices were transformed in a New World setting. Unable simply to transplant English political and legal traditions across the atlantic, Quaker leaders gradually forged a creole civic culture that secured Quaker authority in an increasingly diverse colony. by mythologizing the colony's early settlement and casting Friends as the ideal guardians of It's uniquely free and peaceful society, they succeeded in establishing a shared civic culture.